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Robot History

Please enjoy some of the highlights from Robotic History.
Did you know…

1898 Nikola Tesla created a remote-controlled robot
His crew-less boat moved under it's own power, propelling and steering, all controlled without wires.
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1920 Karel Capek, a Czechoslovakian playwright first introduced the word "robot" into his play "Rossum's Universal Robots". The word comes from "robota" which means tedious labor.
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1938 the first programmable spray painting robot was designed by Willard Pollard and Harold Roselund.
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1942 the word "robotics" was first used in a short story, Runaround, written by Isaac Asimov. He also defined the 3 points of conduct for robots, known as the Three Laws of Robotics:
  • A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
  • A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders conflict with the first law.
  • A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second law.

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1951 the first tele-operated articulated arm was designed in France by Raymond Goert. This arm using steel cables and pulleys was a major milestone in force feedback technology. It was designed for the Atomic Energy Commission.
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1954 is when the term Universal Automation was first coined. George Devol designed the first programmable material handling robot.
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1959 marked the establishment of the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT.
The two men credited were Marvin Minsky and John McCarthy.
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1963 Stanford University announces John McCarthy will head up their NEW Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
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1965 The Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University was established.
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We're only up to 1965 and there's so much more to go.
Check back soon for additions.